A septic system is really nothing more than a giant container created specifically for holding your biological waste (your poop and urine). The septic system holds onto your biological waste until it can be broken down into gases, solids, and water. Over a period of time, the water and gases will be removed from your septic system. The solids will sink to the bottom of the giant container holding the waste until they are removed via septic pump.
For the most part, a well-constructed and installed septic system is not going to experience much in the way of problems. However, no plumbing system is perfect. Fortunately, spotting and fixing septic system problems is normally a fairly simple task.
Too Much Water In The Tank
If the septic system is not using the water properly, it can cause the tank to hold more water than it was intended to hold. When a tank has too much water in it, the solids do not get a chance to break down. Excessive amounts of water can also cause the water level to be so high that some of the solids make way to the distribution tubes that are only intended to handle water and gas.
Fortunately, bringing down the amount of water inside of your septic system is something you can do on your own. For starters, spread out your family's laundry instead of trying to wash every piece of clothing in your home in one day. You should also limit the length of showers and stick to using showerheads with a low flow. Low-flow or dual-flush toilets are also an ideal choice for this problem. Keep in mind, the more water you and your family use, the more water your septic system's tank is going to have to try to hold.
Flushing Stuff Other Than Toilet Paper
If it isn't toilet paper, don't flush it. Flushing anything other than toilet paper down your toilet is going to cause all sorts of problems for your septic system. Your septic system is intended to break down your biodegradable waste. It cannot break down something that isn't biodegradable. When you put things such as trash or baby wipes in your toilet, you cause the septic system to become clogged or overfilled, as the non-biodegradable items have nowhere to go.
Using Too Much Detergent
Your septic system is only capable of handling so much detergent. Whether you are washing a load of laundry or bleaching your toilet clean, you have to be careful about using an excessive amount of detergent or cleaner. Harsh chemicals, for example, are going to kill the bacteria in your septic system that are necessary to break down your human waste, which will cause your septic tank to fill up because the waste is not being broken down enough to go anywhere.
As you can see, most of the septic system problems you will encounter are because of mistakes people make when using their septic system because they do not understand how this type of plumbing system. By better understanding your septic system, you can avoid these mistakes.